Institutions

Historical information :
It was organized in 1922 in Leningrad as publishing house of State Arts History Institute. It published books on the theory and history of the literature and art. Since 1926 the publishing house became independent and it published mainly the translations of classical authors of the world literature, later it moved to Moscow. In 1938 it was joined with Goslitizdat.
Historical information :
In 1924 was organized the Revolutionary cinematography association (ARK) as one of the first public - creative organizations of workers of the Soviet cinematography. The similar organizations were in Leningrad, in Ukraine and in other republics and regions in 1925. In 1928 ARK has received the new name - Revolutionary cinematography workers association (ARRK). Members of board ARRK were S.D. Vasilyev, V.I. Pudovkin, A.M. Room, S.M. Eysensteyn, etc.; after 1932. ARRK began to lose the value; has stopped the activity in 1934.
Historical information :
It was organized in May 1920 as the German branch of the American fund of the assistance for requiring Russian writers and scientists. In October, 1922 it was renamed into the Berlin assistance committee for the Russian literary and scientific person. Chairman of committee was I.V. Hessen, the secretary and treasurer was B.I. Elkin.
Historical information :
In 1938 in system of the Arts Business Committee of SNK of the USSR (Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR- Sovnarcom of the USSR), the All-Union Tour -Concert association was organized. In 1946 the Moscow and Leningrad branches have been allocated from association with the rights of the independent organizations. Since 1953 association has been subordinated to Main Art Buisness Administration of the Ministry of Culture. In October 1956, on the basis of Moscow and Leningrad branches (Moscow State Variety- Mosgosestrada- and the Leningrad State Variety -Lengorestrada), the All-Russia Tour-Concert Association was organized. It was liquidated in 1965.
Historical information :
It existed after October revolution as the Society of the Russian Drama Writers and Opera Composers. In 1923 it was reorganized in the Moscow Society of Drama Writers and Composers (MODPIK) and the Leningrad Society of Drama and Musical Writers. In 1925 these organizations were united to the All-Russia Society of Drama Writers and Composers, but they have kept the autonomy. It was liquidated in 1930.
Historical information :
It was created on December 10, 1924 at the People’s Commissariat of Education of RSFSR (Narkompros of RSFSR) on the basis of decision by the Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR (Sovnarcom of the USSR) from May, 13, 1924, for manufacturing and releasing of films. Founders of a society were the People’s Commissariat of Education of RSFSR (Narkompros of RSFSR), the People’s Commissariat of Foreign Commerce (Narkomvneshtorg), the Supreme Council of People’s Economy of RSFSR (Supreme Sovnarhoz of RSFSR), etc. In 1930 it was stopped to work and it functions were transfered to the “Soyuzkino” (All-Union State Cinema-Photography Association).
Historical information :
It was created in February 1930 on the basis of liquidated Joint -Stock Company "Sovkino" (All - Russian Photo-Cinematographic Joint -Stock Company). In 1932 it was transferred from VSNH of the USSR (Supreme Council of People’s Economy of the USSR, Supreme Sovnarhoz of the USSR) to system of Narkomlegprom of the USSR (People’s Commissariat of Light Industry of the USSR). It was liquidated in August 1933. It functions were transfered to Main Cinema-Photography Industry Administration at SNK of the USSR (Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR (Sovnarcom of the USSR)).
Historical information :
It was organized in June 1956. It was subordinated to the Union of Composers of the USSR. From 1964 to 1967 it was in structure of publishing houses “Music”. Since July 1, 1967 the publishing house “Soviet composer” renewed the independent activity.
Historical information :
In Feruary 1920 section (subdivision) of the proletarian literature at literary department of People’s Commissariat of Education of RSFSR (Narkompros of RSFSR) was organized. In 1921-1923 it headed the All-Russia Association of Proletarian Writers. In 1922 it was named - Literary group of proletarian writers “Forge”. In 1924 “Forge” headed the All - Russia Federation of Workers'-and-Peasants' Writers. In 1925-1927 was the independent literary organization. Since 1928 it is transformed into the All-Union Proletarian Writers Society “Forge” which in October, 1930 has broken up to two groups: Moscow (led by V.M. Bahmetyev) and the “New Forge” (in the head from I.F. Zhiga). In 1931 both groups have entered in the Russian Association of Proletarian Writers (RAPP). Magazines of group were: “Forge” (1920-1922), “Working magazine” (1924-1925), “Magazine for all” (since 1930 “Proletarian avant-guard”; 1928 - 1932). Into structure the “Forge” entered: M.P. Gerasimov, F.V. Gladkov, V.T. Kirillov, S.A. Obradovich, A.S. Novikov-Priboy, etc. Both groups are liquidated on the basis of the decision of Central Committee of VKP (b) from April, 23, 1932.
Historical information :
In 1936 the Main Circus Administration was organized. It was subordinated to the Arts Buisiness Committee at SNK of the USSR (Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR - Sovnarcom of the USSR). In 1953 it was transferred to the Ministry of Culture of the USSR . In 1957 the Main Circus Administration was incorporated with Circus Association and received the name - Soyuzgostsirk.
Historical information :
It was organized on January 1, 1933 as Copyright Protect Administration; it was subordinated to the Organizing committee of the USSR Writers Union, and from 1934 to the Board of the USSR Writers Union. In 1938 it was reorganized in All-Union Copyright Protect Administration and since 1940 it was subordinated to the Arts Business Committee at SNK of the USSR (Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR (Sovnarcom of the USSR)). Since February 1, 1949 it was again submitted to the USSR Writers Union.
Historical information :
Beginning of the All-Union State Cinematographic Institute (VGIK) was the 1st State Cinematographic School which was opened in Moscow on September 1, 1919, and was reorganized in 1921 into the State Cinema-Studios of the Higher Type, and in 1922 - into the State Practical Cinematographic Institute. In 1925 the institute was reorganized into the State Cinematographic College which existed untill 1930. By order the VSNH of the USSR (Supreme Council of People’s Economy of the USSR, Supreme Sovnarhoz of the USSR) from August, 5 1930 the College has been transformed into the State Cinematographic Institute (GIK) which has received in 1934 the name the Higher State Cinematographic Institute. Since 1938 the institute began to be called as All-Union State Cinematographic Institute. At different stages of its existence S.M. Eysensteyn, A.P. Dovzhenko, L.V. Kuleshov, M.I. Romm, S.A. Gerasimov, G.M. Kozintsev, S.I. Yutkevich, etc took part in work of institute. Now the institute prepares for film-experts of all structures.
Historical information :
It was organized according the decision of CK of VLKSM (Central Committee of VLKSM) in Moskow in 1934. Works of young artists were mainly at the exhibition.
Historical information :
It was organized according the decision of SNK of RSFSR in June 1932 in Moscow. The exhibition reflected achievements of the Soviet fine arts for 15 years. It was closed in 1933.
Historical information :
It was organized by Narkompros of RSFSR ( People’s Commissariat of Education of RSFSR) in February 1935 in the building of the Moscow Historical Museum. The models of stages, sketches of scenery and suits, works of artists of the Soviet theatre for all time of its existence were exposed. It was closed later in 1935.