Guro Helena Genrikhovna

Name/Title : Guro Helena Genrikhovna
Years : 1877-1913
Biography :
An artist, poetess. She was born in Petersburg on January 10, 1877 in family of colonel ( later general-lieutenant) Henry Gelmut Guro, secretary of the staff of the Petersburg military district and armies of guards. From 1890 to 1893 she learned at School of the Arts Encouragement Society. From 1903 to 1905 she was at J. Tsionglinsky's studio where she met with the future husband, composer M.F. Matyushin. In 1905 she published the first story in the «Young writers Collection». In 1906 she entered E. Zvantsev's private school, class of M. Dobuzhinsky. In the E. Guro’s house, D. Burlyuk, N. and V. Burlyuki, Kamensky, Hlebnikov, Kruchenyh, Malevich were gathered, there the union of poets "Hileya", publishing house "Crane", «Premises for Judges» I and II, «Autumn Dream», 1912, «Heavenly Camel Cubs », 1914). She was the initiator of the theory of color, then it was developed by M. Matyushin. She worked as the illustrator and the graphic artist. Exhibition activity of H. Guro began in 1909 with the exhibition "Impressionists" (SPb), then - "Triangle" (SPb, 1910), the «Youth Union» (SPb, 1913-1914) . H. Guro worked as an independent author and published 3 books: "Street organ" (1909), «Autumn dream?» (1912), «Heavenly camel cubs» (1914). The fourth book - the «Poor knight?» - was started shortly before death and it was remained uncompleted. Mikhail Matyushin placed these books and notes of M. Matyushin's violin suite (their joint edition before one year of E. Guro's death) in small box, and put it into a bench near the poetess tomb. H. Guro s died on May 6, 1913 in Usikirkko (Finland, nowadays RSFSR).