Roerich Nikolay Konstantinovich

Name/Title : Roerich Nikolay Konstantinovich
Years : 1874 - 1947
Biography :
He was born on September 27 (on October, 10) 1874 in Petersburg. In 1883 he entered in a K. May’s grammar school. From 1893 to 1899 he studied in the Petersburg Academy of arts in A.I. Kuindzhi’s studio, simultaneously he studied on a faculty of law of the Petersburg University which he finished in 1898. From 1900 to 1901 artist improved the skill in Paris in F. Kormon's studio. In 1898 he worked as associate editor of magazine “Art and the Art Industry” besides from 1898 to 1900 he e lectured in the Petersburg Archeological institute, in 1898 N.K. Roerih was invited to a post of the assistant of the secretary in Imperial Arts Encouragement Society. From 1901 N.K. Roerih was the secretary of the Artists Encouragement Society. Since 1902 he took part in exhibitions of the “World of art”, the “Russian Artists Union”. In 1903 with wife Helena Ivanovna Roerich (born Shaposhnikova, they married in 1901) he made a trip in old Russian cities (they gone round more than 40 cities). Results of trip (73 etudes) were exposed in the Arts Encouragement Society. Subsequently all these etudes was sent to America in structure of Grinvald’s exhibition. In the 1903, in editorial offices of magazine “Modern art”, the personal exhibition was arranged on which he exposed about 200 works. From 1904 to 1908 his works were exposed in Prague, Vienna, Berlin, Dusseldorf, Milan, Venice, Paris, London. From 1906 to 1918 he was director of drawing school of the Arts Encouragement Society. In 1906 he was elected by a member of the Parisian autumn salon. From 1906 to 1909 he took part in creation of mosaic sketches for temples at Powder factories near Shlisselburg, in Pochayevskaya lavra (monastery), in a convent in Perm, in church of a manor of V.V. Golubev. In 1908 he made sketches of scenery for performance “Snegurochka (Snow Maiden)” in Opera Comique, for a mystery the “Three Wise Men” (the Ancient theatre); in 1909 the decorations for the opera “Prince Igor” , for the “Russian seasons” in Paris, was executed. In 1909 N.K. Roerih was elected the academician of the Russian academy of arts. From 1910 to 1919 he was a chairman of association the “World of art”. In 1912 together with I. Stravinsky he began work on the ballet “Sacred spring”. He painted scenery for performance “Per Gyunt” in the Moscow Art theatre. In 1914 he received the Swedish order of Northern star. In 1915 he was elected the chairman of the Imperial Commission [helping] to invalids of war. In 1916 he began preparation for round-the-world tour of exhibitions and lectures. In the same year he moves with family to Finland and there lives in Karelia in Serdobl (Sortavala) till 1919. However for business of Drawing school he came back to some time to Petrograd in 1919. In the same year he visited Sweden. In 1919 N.K. Roerih moved with family from Finland to London where lectured and met with R. Tagor. From 1920 to 1922 according to the invitation of doctor Harsh from the Chicago institute of Arts he lived in the USA, he engaged in exhibition and educational activity, wrote scenery to “Snegurochka (Snow Maiden)” for the Chicago opera theatre. On November 17, 1923 N.K. Roerih's museum was open in New York. In 1923 he left the USA and through Europe follows to India where began the new stage of his activity like the expeditions and research work in institute “Urusvaty”: 1924 - scientific-research expedition across Sikkim and Bhutan 1925 – expedition to Egypt, to Ceylon, to India, Kashmir, Ladak, across the Central Asia 1926 – expedition to the Chinese Turkestan, to Altai, to Buryatiya, with arrival to Moscow 1927 – expedition to Mongolia and to Tibet 1928 – expedition to Tibet, Sikkim, Darjeeling, Simma, Naggar 1929 – he lived in Naggar, on June he comes to New York for participation in celebrations concerning his 55-years anniversary. 1931-1933 – expedition to the areas adjoining to valley Kulu 1934-1935 – expedition in Manchuria and China In 1930 he became the honourable president of the American society of Maha Body, a member of the Yugoslavian Academy of art and science, vice-president of the American Archeological institute. He wrote scenery for the “Sacred spring” for the Underground-opera (New York). Since 1936 N.K. Roerih permanently lived in India. From 1941 to 1944 he made exhibitions-sales of his pictures for the benefit of Red army. In 1945 – 1946 he began preparation for moving to the USSR. He died on December 13, 1947 in Kulu (India). EXHIBITIONS 1902 - in Academy of arts, “World of art” 1903 – “World of art”, the Modern art (the organizer prince Shcherbatov and a Arts Encouragement Society) 1904 - in Saint Louis, the USA 1905 - in Prague, Berlin, Venice and Vienna 1906 - in Paris 1908 - in Paris and Vienna 1909 - in Paris and London 1914 - the international exhibition in Malmyo (Sweden) 1915 – “World of art” 1918 - in Stockholm and Helsingfors 1919 - in Copenhagen 1920 - in England: Victoria and Albert's museum, Gupil gallery, London; Worting gallery, Worting; in New York 1921-1922 - exhibition round on the USA, exhibitions in 28 cities 1923 - in Boston
Multimedia
0550.JPG
0232.JPG
Images
0550.JPG
0232.JPG